Home Fire Safety – Interior Stairway Design Fire Safety Guidelines

INTRODUCTION

This article is about custom home designing fire safety in an interior stairway.

As to home fire safety in home building plans, much codified ado is made of fire-blocking wall and floor structure, but not much at all on stairway design and stairway construction.

Comment: This codified ado even sort-of includes home fire safety in regard to stairway structure. See IRC 2003, R311.2.2 “Under stair protection. Enclosed accessible space under stairs shall have walls, under stair surface and any soffits protected on the enclosed side with ½-inch (12.7mm) gypsum board.” For fire safety in stairway design and stairway construction, it’s a beginning. Note, please, that there’s no mention of fire-rated gypsum board and heavier weight material as are referenced elsewhere – and have been for quite a long while – for garage wall and ceiling surfaces abutting habitable space.

IMPORTANT DIGRESSION

And there are the high-value references to smoke alarms in home fire safety building codes nationwide, references albeit at minimum levels of materials and methods, in the author’s opinion.

Comment: Minimums? That’s what this custom home designer thinks. Following are designer house plan set stipulations that may be written into smoke alarm methods and materials to extend home fire safety codified minimums. Each alarm shall run on both permanent 120V and replaceable battery, shall feature a combination of ionization and photoelectric sensors. None shall disconnect by wall switch. Each shall connect to a 120V line as first load on a frequently used lighting circuit with overcurrent protection at the panelboard suitable for a double tap. For sleeping areas, an alarm shall be installed according to manufacturer’s specifications on either side of any passage between a sleeping area and a path to egress

HOME FIRE SAFETY – STAIRWAY DESIGN AND STAIRWAY CONSTRUCTION PROLOGUE

So, what about the eminently more airflow-permissive stairwell itself?

In a house aflame, a residential interior stairway can occasion two events: the passage of both occupants to safety and firemen for the sake of safety and the passage of smoke and flame between interior floor levels.

Comment: It might seem as though interior stairway design and stairway construction, this key locus of interior structure in interior fire conditions – good (human transport) and bad (smoke and fire transport) – is at least largely forsaken by residential building authorities having jurisdiction.

WHAT TO DO? WHAT TO DO?

In regard to stairwells, that is stairwell design and stairwell construction, what’s at stake is fire-degraded stairway construction, wood stud walls and wood ceiling joists collapsing within the stairwell, engaging stairway and its contents, including people contents, and thereby precluding occupants’ easy physical movement between floor levels.

HOME FIRE SAFETY – INTERIOR STAIRWAY DESIGN FIRE SAFETY GUIDELINES

A residential, interior stairway, other than a spiral stairway – below the stair stringer shall be sheathed from outer stair stringer to outer stair stringer including header cleat with not less than 1 layer of 5/8″ Type-X gypsum board glued, screwed, and taped. It shall be mudded not less than 3 coats, paying …

How To Power Wash Your Shed

When you have found one of the many sheds for sale, the next step is to keep it preserved. The most important thing to consider in the upkeep of your garden storage shed are: Time, Cost and Methods. All of it comes down to repairs and approaches to schedule them correctly along with how much you want to pay for them. Here we’re going to discuss strategies to keep your shed in good working order as well as how to do it on a budget.

One thing that will quickly ruin you shed is dirt and grime accumulation. Dirt will most probably occur regardless of whether you prefer it or not, but the important thing is to stay in front of it. Make sure to differentiate dirt from black mildew. Black mold will take place even when it is hot and dry. The good news is that dirt and mold can be quickly cleaned off using an electric power washer. Although the paint is peeling, go on and power wash that shed just before repainting a shed. If there is green mildew it means there is moisture trapped somewhere. Before you electric power wash consider and discover the source of the trouble. Check and make sure all mold, dirt and debris are removed before you prime and paint. The most beneficial cleaner to make use of for power washing is bleach mixed with drinking water. Make sure you check your concentrations and protect your skin and eyes before starting.

Probe the wooden exterior and interior of your shed to test for strength. If the wood looks gentle or soft, you could be subject to wood rot. Checking for wooden rot is very important to accomplish any time after a tough rain or simply a rainy season. Should you uncover wood rot: under no circumstances fear! Repair is easy as well as not very expensive to resolve. You should remove all rotten wood areas as well as test the surrounding wood to ensure the rot hasn’t spread. Swap the region with new sound wooden and prime and paint. It is actually always much better to repair wood rot mainly because wood rot is usually localized and would not require a whole replacement of siding.

The overall cleanliness within your garden shed is important to its longevity. Use insecticides on the inside and exterior of your garden barn to help keep out carpenter ants and bees which can damage the wood and add to wood rot. Aside from chemicals to keep wood destroying insects out, a little bit of elbow grease and a keen eye are all you need to keep you new shed or pole barn looking good for years to come. If you do start to notice some determination, hopefully you can follow our simply steps to rectify the situation and keep on enjoying your new garden shed.…

When to Contact and How an Interior Designer Works

During planning of a house an interior designer can guide the architect or the builder on where to place doors and windows, how can they use the maximum input of natural light, where to allocate storage spaces, avoiding demolition of walls, sizing walls, making desired openings, providing specific light points as per the lighting scheme by the designer and also early spotting of desired plumbing points for the exclusively designed bathrooms. This early involvement of interior decorator during planning will help in saving a lot of money which can be later used for re-modification after the completion of the building.

Clients usually feel that they must have a vivid vision of the problem before they consult a decorator, but this actually is not the fact. In a study conducted by an interior decoration agency in India among the designers and clients, most of the designers argued that they preferred to be involved with the project from the very beginning. As an interior decorator, I do agree with the point generally the interior decorators used to make regarding the early consultation of an interior decorator. So meet your designer immediately after you finalize the preliminary design proposal by the architect for your residential as well as buildings built for commercial purpose.

Finding a suitable interior decorator is the most important thing before assigning your interior designing job to anyone, you can realize from the list of qualified, certified and registered designers with the government approved design council in the country. In India, the institute which provides authentic information about interior designer in the country is the Institute of Indian Interior Designers (IIID). You can browse through the list of interior decorators practising in the country and select a reputed designer from the list and visit their website or approach them to have a look at their successful projects in the similar category. Once you select the designer, discuss your requirements and budget for the interiors and finalize the agreement on the project’s time schedule and professional fees.

Before staring the designing process of your interior first of all the interior decorator have to conduct a series of talks with the customers basically to know the type of designing the person wants. This series of conversations with the client and designer eventually lead to a mutual agreement about the requirements and it will help to know the aspiration and desires of the client with regard to his interior design. About 90% of clients usually have a good idea of their needs and preferences, a professional interior designer must reeducate the client’s attitude about preferences.

The next step is the design of the interior to presented before the client as a soft copy or a hard copy. Designer has to present a proposal which might consists of sketches, 2-dimensional drawings of plan and coloured elevations along with a budget proposal. At the preliminary presentation the specific colours, furnishings, and details are not resolved yet, since the aim at that stage is to obtain …

Is an Interior Design Career Right For Me? – And Where Do I Start?

"How do I get into Interior Design?" There's no one-size-fits-all answer (thankfully!). Few careers require such a unique blend of artistic and technical skills, but Interior Design comes in enough flavors to suit diversity skill sets and personalities.

In General, the profession falls into two distinct categories: Interior Decorating and Interior Design. They are both completely viable avenues and there are many professionals with successful careers in each.

"Interior Decorating" : If you prefer residential interiors, and enjoy focusing on furnishings and decor rather than space planning and codes, there are many satisfying and profitable options to explore and Interior Decorating may be your perfect fit. Image is not Required, (but you need to be aware of the laws regulating the practice of ID in your state). Some great options: Decorating for individual home owners, home staging, interior re-design, working within a design / decorating firm or on your own, working for or with builders preparing model homes, or apartment / condo / townhome leasing companies to name a few.

So how do I get there ?? – As with anything, the key to your success will be your motivation and commitment! The more you are willing to put in the more you will achieve. The most straight forward way to start is to take classes at a university or community college, but if you are not in a position to go to school right now, there are still some very practical steps you can take. The Hardest Part is Just Getting Started – SO …… GET STARTED !!! There are many paths, but here's a suggested 6-step Action Plan to get you going:

  1. Self-Study – not an online degree (Avoid those completely for Interior Design), but rather to use the available free and low cost resources in a focused, disciplined, and intentional way in order to familiarize yourself with design concepts and to develop practical skills . These resources will not, of course, replace a university degree … but they will help you to explore real issues and topics which designers face on a daily basis (not the 'fluff' seen on TV and in magazines). Some of these skills can legitimately be included on a resume as you seek entry-level design jobs in order to set yourself apart. This is a great first step for those anxious to get started towards their dream, but who can not yet leave an existing job … or for an at-home parent to learn skills on your own schedule … Some examples of free study options are: learn 3d modeling and rendering with Google Sketch-up; learn AutoCad basics – get a starter book, even buy it used, then download a 30 day Acad trial; There are some well done free CEU opportunities aimed at Architects and Designers, but you do not have to be a professional to take them …
  2. Read – Read anything that catches your interest incorporating design. This can be library books, grocery store magazines, websites, etc … Fluff is

Planning Your Interior Decoration

As our homes are an important part of the world around us, most of us try to have beautiful and exotic items in our homes to make it more enjoyable to live in. There are various factors to keep in mind while planning your interior decoration as homes are not just made of a roof and four walls. When you talk of home décor, it encompasses several things such as designs, materials and themes.

While planning your home decor project, you can choose a specific theme for every room or one theme for the entire home. You can beautify a house in such a way that each room is decorated with styles of different countries that you have visited. You can bring the authentic look by including art and furniture from each of those countries visited.

Before embarking on the home improvement project, you have to be clear of your needs. You must also take into account your personal likes and dislikes while planning for a home decoration. You can decide from a range of themes such as Victorian to more contemporary themes that suit both the urban and modern lifestyle.

One of the modern home décor ideas is the use of bamboo which is becoming popular nowadays. As bamboo is both beautiful and eco-friendly, it has many advantages that has made it the desired choice for home interior decoration. With the use of bamboo you can convert your home into a paradise of peace and harmony. You can also choose this material because of its sheer versatility. This material can be used in almost anything starting from floorings to even curtains! You must remember that non-toxic glue must be used for sealing the sheets while decorating your home interior.

Bamboo curtains can also be bought cheaply from all over the world and can match with the flooring with convenience. Bamboo flooring can also enhance the ambience of the place, but you must make sure to keep the space clutter free. You should choose slightly muted colors for this theme. In case you are interested in adding more color to the space, you can opt from a range of cushions and rugs that make excellent floor decor additions.

You can also add a nice painting of a color that matches the home décor accessories and a couple of flowers to add some freshness to the room.…

Ideas For Interior Decorating Are Plentiful Online

There are so many ideas for interior decorating that it could be a bit overwhelming deciding which ones to implement. A good way to organize all the ideas is to use the Internet to find advice on what will work best in your home based on its style, room size, number of occupants and interests.

Putting ideas for interior decorating on paper helps to configure a budget and identify what you need to purchase and the quantities. It also enables you to determine what the focal point and mood will be in a particular room and design the remaining space with those in mind. It also gives you the opportunity to change the purpose of a room. For instance, you may decide to redesign an underutilized formal dining room into a much needed home office.

Ideas for interior decorating are developed once a room's use is determined. For example, a room you use everyday, such as the family room, would get greater attention and a larger portion of your budget than a guest bedroom, which is used infrequently. That's not to say you want to neglect these rooms. Rather, look at them as experimental opportunities and get creative with colors, design and furnishings.

Among the ideas are those that define how you want a particular room to look. The answer will help determine whether wallpaper instead of paint is the best option, or if furniture needs to be replaced or just rearranged. Having a vision helps to remove clutter from a room or other items that do not define the room's purpose.

When it comes to challenging areas of a home, the best place to turn is the Internet to gather ideas. Advice can be had for tough redesign areas, like a dark, narrow hallway, a small closet, or a bathroom with limited space.

There are many inexpensive ideas for interior decorating on a budget. For example, you can bring some color into a room without repainting by adding colorful accents. You can change the focal point of a room and rearrange the furniture accordingly to achie a new look or you can add points of interest to decorate a room.

For those who have never designed a room before, there are many resources with decorating ideas that cover the basics. These include an introduction to design principles, how to create a room, how to rearrange a room, how to choose the color and theme of a room, how to select window treatments, how to incorporate artwork, photos and accessories, and how to choose the best lighting.

Using downloadable e-books or looking at online photos of room styles helps formulate ideas for interior decorating for your home. The best sites are those that offer information on how balance furniture and accessories in a room, how to make the look of the home flow from room to room, and how to design a room to display your interests without going overboard. …

New York Interior Design Programs

There are many New York interior design programs available for the aspiring design student. If the individual wishes to be on campus then one school that offers an Associates Degree in Interior Design is Berkeley College, which is located in midtown Manhattan.

Berkeley College is a top New York interior design school that provides a real world education that interior design professionals demand. The class sizes are small and students get hands on training. Students receive free lifetime career assistance as well. Internships are offered and there is a large network of employee connections through the school.

The New York interior design school campuses of Berkeley College are located in White Plains. Berkeley is a recognized leader in preparing students for their professional careers in interior design, 96% of graduates secure jobs in their areas.

Other schools in the New York interior design program offer online training. One of those schools is Westwood College where you can obtain a Bachelor Degree in Interior Design. An online program is designed for the student who feels that they just do not have the time to attend classes for whatever reason but still have the desire to obtain a well-respected degree in interior design.

Another New York interior design school that offers an online degree is The Art Institute Online where the student can achieve a Bachelor of Science in Interior Design. This school is a division of The Art Institute of Pittsburgh.

Whether you attend a New York interior design school in person or online you will be prepared to enter the exciting and creative world of Interior Design with the knowledge to succeed. Before an Interior Designer receives his or her license, they must meet some very strict guidelines. The Designer must have a combination of six years of school and work experience before taking the licensing exam. Once the Interior Designer has completed the six-year requirement, they must pass a test administrated by the National Council for Interior Design Qualification.

Interior Designers wishing to do commercial design work must have a bachelor's degree in interior design from an accredited school. All Interior Design students including New York interior design students will learn how to use computer aided design (CAD) software. Securing an internship free is a good way to get practical knowledge and experience. Internships can often lead to full time positions.

New York interior design students must learn other skills within design to be successful professionals. Artically inclined is a good skill to have along with strong people skills. It is recommended that New York interior designers take some business courses as well since many designers are self-employed. Interior Design is an ever-changing profession and today's designer must stay up to date with all the trends. …

Curtains in Rich Autumnal Colors

Autumn is an excellent time of year to be inspired by nature's color palette of rich reds, dusky yellows, burnt oranges and deep hues of greens within interior design concepts and styles. A living room will look welcoming and cozy with curtains, soft furnishings and accessories which reflect these autumnal hues and shades.

Deep rich red curtains made from good quality chenille or damask fabrics will provide a warm glow to a living room and are an excellent choice for coordinating with a whole host of soft furnishing colors such as creams, beige or midnight blues and gold. For a more traditional look, curtains with symmetrical all over contrasting color patterns can be teamed with stripes and plain fabrics which have a similar tone to either the main curtain color or the contrasting pattern. The latest design principals use combinations of different textures and patterns to provide both visual appeal and tactile soft furnishings, which are combined together simply by choosing colors from the palette spectrum which reflect nature's choices. For inspiration as to which colors tone and blend well together a trip to a local park or a walk in a leafy area will provide a multitude of color ranges which can be utilized effectively within a home.

Plain or patterned curtains made from a medium or heavy weight fabric which are hung from the curtain track to the floor will provide valuable heat insulation to a room during the cooler months. This style of curtain can be swept back and held in place with rope tassels to provide gentle folds of fabric. Rope tassels are available in a variety of different colors which can be used to correspond with the living room's color themes, not only will they add the finishing touches to the curtains they can also be used as an effective way to bring a sense of harmony to a room, especially when the colors accent the soft furnishings.

Scatter cushions made from complimentary fabric colors and textures piled onto a sofa will add to the overall interior design style as well as looking inviting to snuggle into as the nights draw in. Traditional cushions of all the same dimensions, fabrics and colors still have their place for an ordered look and approach, however, by adding cushions which are of different shapes, sizes and textured fabrics and offer a more informal look and feel to a room.

A key factor of interior design is not to use too many different main colors, two or three is preferred and then to look at all the different shades within these main colors to use in complimentary or contrasting ways. Each main color has an extensive range of shades, from the deepest near black to naturally white and all variations of shades in between, combinations of these tones are visually pleasing to the eye and for a dramatic effect a completely different base color can be accidentally randomly and strategically within the room. For example, deep reds contrasted with …

Auto Glass Cleaning – Tips for Sparkling Clean Windows and Mirrors

The windows of your car take a beating from dirt, bugs, bird droppings and other debris. But with a few simple techniques and a little know-how, you can make even the dirtiest windows sparkle. Here's a list of helpful glass cleaning tips to get your windows brilliantly clean – and without leaving behind streaks, scratches, residue or lint.

1. The first step is to choose an auto glass cleaner . Make sure your glass cleaner does not contain ammonia, alcohol or any ingredient that could produce toxic fumes. Beyond the obvious health concerns of inhaling these fumes, consider the impact your automated cleaning products have on the environment. There are car care products on the market that are 100% biodegradable, non-toxic and recyclable that have the same great cleaning power as traditional cleaning products.

2. Any product containing ammonia is a definite no-no when it comes to auto detailing. Ammonia and ammonia fumes cause plastic, rubber, vinyl and leather to dry out, and will damage any tint your windows may have. Do your homework and you will not end up destroying your vehicle's interior while you're trying to clean it!

3. The type of towel you choose to clean your windows with can make all the difference. Choose a high-quality, glass cleaning microfiber towel of at least 300 GSM. Microfiber towels can hold up to eight times their weight in water, are lint-free and will not cause scratches. An electrostatic charge causes dirt and debris to be lifted up and away from the surface, rather than swept across it. Old t-shirts, towels, socks and newspaper are not the best choice when cleaning your car's glass, and will likely cause scratches, streaks and missed spots.

4. If you are cleaning the entire interior of your car, save your windows and rear-view mirror for last to avoid getting stray spray from other cleaning products on your freshly cleaned glass. You can also avoid stray spray by spraying your window cleaner (and other applicable interior auto detailing products) onto the microfiber towel – not directly on the surface.

5. Another factor to keep in mind is the motion you buff with your microfiber towel. While a circular motion may appear to be actively buffing away any streaks from your windows, a straight back-and-forth and then up-and-down motion will ensure that the entire surface has been cleaned and wiped down thoroughly.

6. Remember when cleaning your windows or mirrors to use one towel (or one side of a towel) to wipe the surface clean, and a second to buff the surface to a residual-free shine. Not only do you need two clean towel surfaces per swipe, but per window. The last thing you want to do is spread the dirt and dead bugs that you wiped off of your windshield onto the next window you clean. Make sure you have enough clean towels to avoid contaminating one window with the last one's mess.

7. Avoid cleaning your vehicle's windows in direct sunlight or very

9 Ways to Increase Your Home Value

There are many ways to increase the value of your home. Some of these can be done on the interior and some on the exterior of your house from hiring a contractor for the large jobs to doing the smaller things yourself. You can do a little at a time or all at once. Most people can not afford to have the whole thing done all at once so they can work on it in stages until the whole process is complete.

Your home is your largest investment and needs to be kept in good condition. Current market conditions will play a large role in the price of your house but there are several things you can do to improve your home value.

1. One of the greatest investments you can make is updating your kitchen. New cabinets, countertops, and flooring can have a dramatic effect on the value of your house. If you can not afford those things, sometimes just painting the cabinets and putting new handles on the cabinets and drawers will give your kitchen a fresh, new facelift.

2. You can add decorative moldings to the doors, windows, walls, and floors. They are not that hard to install and can greatly add to the look of any room.

3. Adding a new roof is a good way to increase it's overall market value. There will usually be a 10 or 20 year warranty on the new roof and will add consideration to the value of your house.

4. You can replace your old windows with vinyl windows. This will not only conserve energy but will make the house more beautiful.

5. Painting the inside and outside of your house can completely transform it. For resale value it is better to be conservative in your paint color choices as your taste might not be the same as others.

6. Adding vinyl siding is another great way to update and beautify your house. If you already have vinyl siding you can have it power washed to freshen it up and make it shine.

7. New appliances in the kitchen can make a big difference in the value of your home. A new refrigerator, dishwasher, and stove would be one of the best investments you can make in your remodeling. Also a new washer and dryer, new central air and heat, or a new water heater will also add a lot of value.

8. Replace old carpet. Use new, more modern tile for your kitchen and bathroom floors. It is getting very popular now to put down tile floors in the family rooms also.

9. Good landscaping can also increase your home's value. Weed your flower beds regularly and remove all dead plants and leaves. Keep your lawn well-maintained and manicured.

You can browse through magazines or visit a home improvement store to get ideas for remodeling your home. Remember this is your largest investment and take good care of it. …