Types Of Bathtub Materials – Advantages and Disadvantages

So you have chosen the type of bathtub that you want installed, now it is time to choose the material that your new tub will be made from. Every bathtub has its good and bad points and certain tubs are only made from particular materials. For example, you aren’t going to find an air bathtub on the market made out of metal or cast iron.

Cast iron bathtubs are very strong and long lasting, they are usually going to be covered with a porcelain coating. The tub is probably the most durable tubs installed in homes, and can be usable for decades if properly taken care of. They are easy to clean but you do not want to use strong techniques that scour or scratch the surface. These tubs are usually quite heavy and need good supporting structure to hold.

Enamel on steel bathtubs look like cast iron tubs but are lighter in weight. They are easy to clean and because they are not as heavy you can put them into a new bathroom easier than the cast iron. They should be cared for like cast iron tubs so as to not scratch an expose the underlying metal. If metal is exposed for either tub it can lead to rusting.

Acrylic bathtubs consist of plastic and another material. It has a high gloss that resembles the cast iron tub and enamel on steel tub but it is lighter than either tub. It does scratch easier but at the same time is easier to repair. These tubs are easy to form thus making them popular with whirlpool and air bathtubs because they come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and types.

Fiberglass gel coat bathtubs are made from fiberglass plastic and covered with a gel coat. Air bathtubs and whirlpool bathtubs are often made this way because it is easily shaped. They provide glossy, smooth, and easy to clean finishes and surface area. This is not as durable as acrylic and can be scratched or even cracked if it is hit hard enough.

Composite bathtubs are made from materials that engineered from composite materials that create the back of the tub. The surfaces are enameled. The idea is that they will have the benefits of your cast iron tub but not carrying the weight that a cast iron tub has. This means you don’t have the same weight to withstand. There have been reports of these tubs cracking so you want to check with a plumber before using this type of material.

Cultured marble bathtubs utilize crushed marble and resins to create a solid surface. It looks a lot like quartz. They are generally covered with a clear gel coat and provide a strong, easy to clean, and stain fighting surface. They are easy to mold.

The material is brittle and does not forgive poor installation or over tightening of the faucet and the spouts. Cracks are almost usually not repairable and scratches can be buffed out. The main issue with …

Types of Restaurants and Their Characteristics

A restaurant is a place where food & beverages are sold & served to customers. There are different types of restaurants that have evolved to meet the dynamic demands of consumers. The following are some well-known types of restaurants & their special characteristics:

Bistro: it is a small restaurant that serves simple, moderately priced meals & wine. Braised meets are typical dishes that are provided in a bistro. It may not have printed menus.

Brasserie: formal restaurant which serves drinks, single dishes & other meals. The waiters are in traditional uniform of long apron & waistcoats.

Coffee shop: mainly serves snacks & beverages 24 hours a day; however it may serve all the three meals. This concept has come from the USA. A ‘cover’ is a term referring to a place setting with necessary cutlery, crockery & glassware required at the beginning of the service for one person. Though the main feature is 24-hour operation, some coffee shops may close early, depending on their location.

Specialty Restaurant: it serves specialty dishes which are its strength & contribute to the brand image. It operates during luncheon & dinner hours, between noon & 3 PM & between 7 PM & 11 PM. The ambience & décor of the restaurant reflect the theme of the specialty restaurant. The dishes of a particular region of a country or a particular set of people are also termed as ethnic cuisine.

Fine Dining Restaurant: this kind of restaurant primarily caters to the requirement of the affluent market segment which wants to experience fine dining. The restaurant may either offer dishes of one particular region or country or exotic dishes from various cuisines, wines, spirits & digestives. It opens mostly during dinner time. The ambience & décor of the restaurant will be elegant & rich. The wait staff employed is skilled & has a sound knowledge of the dishes served. The restaurant employs sommeliers to serve wines & other alcoholic beverages.

Popular Restaurant: this type of restaurant is informal, yet hygienically kept & it is located in a busy area such as bus stands, railway stations, shopping area & so on, catering to the requirements of the middle class & the customers who are in a hurry. The menu may either be displayed on a board at a prominent place or printed & laminated. It operates from 7 AM to 11 PM. The food is plated in the kitchen & carried to the table on a tray & served. The service standards are low & informal. Space is utilized to the maximum to accommodate more covers. The seat turnover is very high but the average revenue per cover is low.

During busy lunch hours, these restaurants serve business lunch, mini-lunch, & thali meals in a separate area to speed up service.

Dhaba: it is a roadside food stall found on national & state highways, mainly catering to the requirements of heavy vehicle crew. It specializes in ounjabi cuisine & tandoor cooking, serving very limited dishes, which are …

Introduction of a PDA in a Restaurant

A PDA — personal digital assistant — is a system that makes it possible to increase to overall productivity of an organization. A restaurant is only one place where the tool could be used. The introduction of a PDA in a restaurant will impact the organization in various ways.

There are many (business) functions and many different PDA’s, and a restaurant requires one that uses:

  • A simple product or service catalog
  • An order unit that is able to accept the order of a client
  • A communicating function that delivers the order to the kitchen
  • Billing information that summarizes the order details and send these to the cashier

The PDA will have to communicate with other systems or with other agents in the organization. In the first place with the kitchen, but also with the bar. Both communications can only be achieved by establishing an interface. If both organizations also operate with systems these interfaces will have to integrate both the PDA and the other system. Otherwise the interface may be a simple user-interface; like a printer that is able to print the order from the client.

The ticket will be used as a work order and after the kitchen order is finished for this client the agent (the waiter) will be informed. In this case the interface can be as simple a OK-sign marked with a pen on the printed order.

In the same way the bar will sign-off drinks that has been “delivered” at the bar and distributed by the waiters. A simple paper interface will be sufficient here.

The data in the system will change from “order” to “transaction” once the orders have been delivered. Once the clients have finished their consumption the transactions from their table and served by the waiter will be summarized and sent to the cashier. This is where the last client-function is processed.

The impact of the PDA in this organization results mainly in:

  • Interfaces. First of all the interface between the client and the waiter entering the data, but also the interface between the PDA and the kitchen, bar and cashier. Starting with the most simple interface would be recommendable as interfaces add much complexity in business. Printing is a simple and effective interface.
  • Information management: prices, product details and catalogs need to be updated on a daily bases.
  • Resource management. Not all waiters will like this type of work, where the younger generation will fancy this new gadget. Implement the technology without pressure, starting with who wants. When hiring new employees, PDA experience could be an extra benefit (or selection criteria).
  • Relation with the client. Some clients will be offended, especially when there is a problem and the waiter is lost with the tool. Such incidents should be managed accurately: “what to do when the technology fails?”

This last aspect is one that seems minor but in the end will bring the biggest change. The style of your business / organization. Technology could transform your business — in this case — …

5 Steps To Amaze Your Guests With A Flower Kitty Party Theme

I never imagined that flower kitty party themes can be so simple yet amazing! To my surprise, I was showered with loads of acknowledgements from my kitty friends for my efforts which was quite overwhelming! A month ago, when I was in quest of an interesting theme that could make my kitty party memorable, I suddenly came across the “flower-theme” on the web.

Why I Chose The Flower Kitty Party Theme?

I liked the idea of throwing a fabulous party with minimum preparation. Flowers are always beautiful, anytime anywhere, so I thought it would be a great idea to turn my living room into a paradise just by decorating it with beautiful flowers. At last, the venue looked even more beautiful that what I imagined.

Why I Call It A Success?

Whenever I host a party, like any normal human being, my ultimate intention is to impress my guests and make them spend a wonderful time that they can cherish forever. And it will be a lie if I say I could not make it possible. Right from the invitation to food, my guests were extremely pleased with my efforts. I could clearly see the immense joy and delight on their faces. Some even sent me messages of appreciation after leaving, which means a lot to me!

5 Steps To Execute Your Flower Kitty Party Theme

Now that I am quite excited with the success of my party, I am dying to share with you the easy steps that you can take to organize a memorable flower-based party. Typically there are five main steps: invitation, room decor, dress code, games and food.

1. Invitation

For invitations, you can either buy the cards or make them yourself, which is even more exciting! You need a bunch of multi-colored papers, a flower-shaped cookie-cutter, glitters, stickers, crayon colors or whatever else you can think of. Make beautiful flower-shaped paper base with the cookie-cutter and then adorn it with whatever crafts you have collected. You can also leverage the creative genius in your kids to do the job.

What I did – I personally like making such things myself as I am a BIG DIY FAN. I took coloured foam sheets, cut them into flower-shaped planes and then decorated it with my collection of glitters, floral stickers and stones. I used plastic flower petals to form the text for which I received a lot of appreciation. I send the invites a week before the party to give enough time to my guests to get ready for the occasion.

2. Room Decor

Here comes my favorite segment – the room decor! I just love it as it makes me feel like I am preparing to move to some new location with a new ambiance! You can use curtains, cushion covers and tablecloths with floral prints. Beautiful flower vases, floral arts and paintings on walls are enough to decorate the venue and remember to include a tint of greenery everywhere to make things look more natural.…

Spicing With Radishes – Horse, Red, Daikon and Wasabi

I am most familiar with the red radish, which I grow in my garden. If you want to introduce your children to the miracle of turning a seed into something on your dining room table (a.k.a. gardening), the red radish is your answer. It grows quickly in mediocre soil and is usually the first thing I pick from my garden each spring. Just don’t let them plop one in their mouths, or they may never want to garden again.

Alas, the red radish has very little energy value, but it is high in vitamin C compared to other root vegetables. It does perk up a salad or coleslaw, not only with its peppery, pungent flavor, but also with its bright, Christmas red color. The leaves are also edible and have more nutrients than the vegetable itself. That makes it a great little filler when you are low on salad greens. Soak the leaves and radishes in ice water to make them crisp before serving. Another reason to include radishes in your salad is for its crunchy texture.

Both the red radish and the horseradish are members of the mustard family, which explains their spicy flavor. Because of this bite, a little goes a long way. They are the small and tall of radishes. The horseradish can be five feet in height, while the red radish is the height of most ground cover. The root of the horseradish is bland until you grate it, which releases its pungent mustard oil. Mix it quickly with vinegar or it will lose its bite, darken and become bitter. It is best to use roots soon after you pick them or get them from the grocery store. Horseradish leaves are also edible, unless you are a horse, in which case it is poisonous. But I digress.

Vinegar and lemon juice complement horseradish by adding a sour flavor to it. Vinegar acts as a preservative and keeps the root from loosing flavor. If your jar of prepared horseradish has darkened from its original creamy white color, it is time to replenish it. Cream or mayonnaise improves the taste of horseradish by adding sweetness. Thus, it is often found in the form of a relish, but you may buy the light yellow roots as fresh produce. Fresh is better than dried. Add ¾ teaspoon of salt and 2/3 of a cup of white vinegar for every 1½ cups of grated horseradish root. You’ll like it better than the prepared stuff.

Horseradish is often associated with seafood, roast beef and cocktail sauces. It is also great with cream cheese in dips and with hard-boiled eggs. As with many salad fixings, you don’t have to cook radishes. A little known fact is that southwestern Illinois grows about 85% of the world’s horseradish market.

In Japan horseradish is often dyed green and served as a substitute for the more expensive wasabi radish. Daikon is also a radish used mostly in Japan. It looks like a white carrot and is peeled …

Importance of Door Mats in Home Decoration

People hire interior designers for the decoration of their houses. They spend a lot of money to give an elegant look to their house. Generally decoration pieces of crystal and brass, eye catching curtains and beautiful flower pots are the pieces of attraction and focus for them. But you must understand being a designer or the owner of the house that sometimes small is beautiful, means that sometimes smaller things give such a sophisticated and refined look what big items are even unable to impart. Door mat is one such thing. Although it is apparently very small but no one can deny its significance and use. It costs very less as compared to some crystal decoration piece yet it equally beautifies your home.

Door mats are important as they make your flooring impressive as well as guard it from many dust and dirt particles. More than half impression of your house comes from its flooring; if it is improved the whole impression is improved. Door mats are such an accessory that enables you to save your carpets from dust and dirt that often comes, if your house is fully or even partially carpeted.

If you are thinking about a persuasive gift for your friend, you should keep in mind that there are two kinds of gift categories; first type includes essential items while the other includes the luxuries. In this age of price hike when almost every one is running to improve his finance, you should go for necessities because they come first and certainly your gift of door mat will work in a long way for your friend. He/she will be able to maintain his/her house in a simple but dignified manner. You can find the door mat according to the choice and taste of your friend.…

What is Hospitality Interior Design and Who Uses It?

In the hospitality industry, interior design performs a similar function. The layout of a lobby or guest room in addition to the color scheme, lighting, and furniture choices, greatly affects how a guest feels and how they view their surroundings.

Hospitality interior design covers a variety of different venues. It is used in restaurants, hotels, even retail stores. Every design aspect from the floor plan to the color of the walls and the style of furniture makes a difference in affecting a certain tone or atmosphere. Depending on the tone a business wishes to set, an interior designer might choose a bright, vibrant color pattern paired with modern furniture and innovative decorative accents or he might select a subtle, more muted color palette paired with plush furniture and simple wall decorations to inspire feelings of calm and comfort.

Lighting and color palette go hand in hand when it comes to hospitality interior design. Most interior designers have been educated to know what types of lighting to pair with bright color schemes versus those which are more subtle. The lighting of a venue may also be affected by furniture choices and the actual architecture of a building. Rooms with vaulted ceilings might require wall fixtures which direct the light upwards while smaller rooms might utilize overhead lighting or corner lamps. Not only does the type and placement of lighting affect the atmosphere of a room or building, but the degree of illumination is also important. A soft glow is more relaxing while bright or colored lighting inspires feelings of excitement and energy.

In addition to lighting and color palette, several more factors come into play within the realm of hospitality interior design. The type of furniture selected dictates whether a room is meant to be more decorative or functional and the arrangement of said furniture plays a role in establishing atmosphere as well. An open floor plan into which the furniture is sparsely placed induces an airy, free atmosphere while small groupings of furniture might incite feelings of intimacy. When considering different styles of hospitality interior design there are myriad factors to think about but the most important decision to make is what kind of atmosphere should be affected. A good interior designer will be able to make all aspects of hospitality interior design work together in order to create a cohesive feel the subscribes to a certain tone or atmosphere.…

Factors Responsible For Infertility and Impotency in Astrology

Infertility is the inability to produce offspring while impotence is a state of sexual dysfunctions or dysfunctions of the reproductive system. These conditions may be present in one or both partner. Genetic, drugs, hormonal, lifestyle, poor health, psychological, and defective genitalia are factors responsible for impotence, infertility and sterility in the native.

Factors responsible for infertility and impotence

Moon: mental strength, movement of vital forces in the body like body’s fluids, blood and lymph. Female reproductive functions pregnancy, nursing, menopause, primary indicator of fertility

Mars: acute illness, elevated body metabolism, venereal diseases

Sun: denotes constitutional vigour and metabolism

Venus: reproductive organs, sexual activities

Saturn: chronicle diseases, weakening metabolic powers, retention and deposits of toxins, sluggish function of body parts, hypo functioning of endocrine glands, coldness, and obstruction

Sign Libra: indicates sexual pleasures, generative organs 7th house: sensuous enjoyment, sex desires, private organs, health of the partner

Ascendant: general mental and physical abilities

Combinations for infertility

· Sun in even sign and moon in odd sign related to each other

· Saturn in even sign and mercury in odd sign related to each other

· Sun in even sign and mars in odd sign related to each other

· Ascendant and moon both in odd sign and are affected by mars posited in the even sign

· Moon in odd sign and mercury in even sign, both aspected by the Mars

· Venus, Moon, ascendant are in male signs

· Venus in 6th/8th/12th/house or with 6th lord induces infertility in the native

· Lords of 6th and ascendant are with Mercury and Rahu, shows problem in generative parts

· Venus in 7th house aspected/associated by Saturn and Mars, infertility is indicated.

· Ascendant is in 6th house and lord’s of the 6th house is with Mercury, the native will be infertile.

· Mercury, Venus and Jupiter are all in the 8th house indicates infertility

· Mars is in 7th house aspected by Saturn

· Mars and Saturn are situated together in the 7th house

· Mercury join ascendant in association with the lords of the 6th and 8th indicates the native may suffer from incurable sexual diseases resulting in infertility.

Combinations for Impotence

· Mars in Libra indicates problems to sexual organs, displeasure in the bed.

· Mars and Sun / Mars and Rahu in Libra indicate disturbed pleasure and disease in generative organs.

· 4 planets in Libra indicates sexual incompetency

· Weak and afflicted Venus in 7th house indicates either wife will be barren or husband may be impotent

· Mars with a malefic posited in 7th house indicates impotency caused by urinary system

· Saturn and Venus in 8th/10th with no benefice aspect induces impotency

· Saturn in depression in 6th or 12th house

· Saturn is 6th/12th from Venus

· Saturn is posited 12th from the Venus

· Moon in Libra aspected by Mars, Rahu, and Saturn, the native will be impotent

· Ascendant in its own house and aspecting Venus being posited in 7th house indicates …

Characteristics of a Modern Office Interior Design

A conventional workplace is no longer the norm, as many companies around the world are seeking more creative interiors for their offices. As a result, most of the top corporate organisations have given up the traditional concept of having plain walls and individual cubicles. Instead, they are opting for an office interior design that creates a more open work environment, where their employees can simply plug in their laptops anywhere to do their work. A creative interior design can help the overall environment in the offices as they fulfil the following purposes:

Encourage an Open Work Culture: Today, many businesses are letting go of the traditional concept of individual offices and are introducing more creative and stylish work spaces for their employees. One such revolutionary concept is an office without walls. It encourages transparency and team spirit, whilst making it easier for managers to supervise their sub-ordinates and communicate with them.

Ensure Optimum Utilisation of Space: At times, there is a possibility that a workplace may occupy less space than the original planned work area. No organisation would want to pay for the extra space, and besides, many businesses today allow most of their employees to work from home. This is the reason why it is necessary to plan the required amount of space before designing the office interiors.

Create a Warm and Friendly Reception Area: When clients visit the office of a business enterprise, the reception area is the place that they see first. The reception will create an image of the organisation in the client’s mind and can also leave the client with a lasting impression. It is, therefore, essential for businesses to get the reception area of their offices designed in a way that creates a professional and welcoming atmosphere.

Provide Some Private Spaces: Having an open design is a great idea, but certain private spaces may be required for a private meeting between a manager and sub-ordinate or for an interview. Such spaces would also help some individuals at times to work without any distractions and enable them to be more focused on their work, thus enhancing their productivity.

Inspire Positive Employee Behaviour: It is easier for companies to inspire a particular behaviour in their employees by incorporating certain elements into the office design. Installing recycling stations throughout the office would encourage employees to recycle. A centralised breakout area would encourage employees to build relationships and bond with each other during their breaks.

Allow Flexibility of Space: Keeping the workplace as flexible as possible can be helpful when it comes to adding new employees. Dividers can be used to increase or decrease the space between work stations. The organisation can buy desks and tables that facilitate easy movements, while certain areas lying vacant can be used for team meetings.

When an organisation wants to create a new office or remodel the existing one, the emphasis must be on flexibility, productivity and creativity with less clutter. Hiring an interior design consultancy that uses holistic design principles and …

The Importance of Good Kitchen Lighting

With the kitchen being one of the most traveled rooms in many homes, good kitchen lighting is important to its overall design and feeling.

The practice of implementing good lighting design is a popular and cost effective project that many homeowners choose to undertake in order to give their kitchens an extra personal touch and have it stand out from others.

There are several places, many of which some don’t ever consider, to add lighting. Did you ever think about kitchen cabinet lighting or kitchen lighting over the sink? These are just two places where extra lighting to go in order to accent your appliances and other kitchen fixtures.

Through the right design decisions, you can improve your kitchen’s look and create a positive ambiance that you, your family and guests will greatly appreciate.

In order to do that, however, it’s important to know what the different types of kitchen lighting are and how they are typically implemented into the design of a kitchen.

The four types of lighting to consider before beginning a kitchen remodeling project are task lighting, ambient lighting, decorative lighting and accent lighting. Each of these types of lighting serves a different purpose than the others, so getting acquainted with each one would be to your advantage while you’re in the planning stages of your project.

Ambient lighting is often the most prevalent type of lighting. Its low intensity creates a soft glow that makes it safe to work in most areas of the kitchen. Many people associate ambient lighting with setting the mood in a room not just in kitchens, but in places like restaurants and bars as well. The right amount of ambient light can make a room welcoming and homely.

Task lighting is a type of kitchen lighting that provides a more high intensity glow. It’s because of this that task lighting is often limited to places like the sink and cabinets, where being able to see is important. To get the most use out of this type of lighting, look into putting it not only over your sink, but over type other heavy-use kitchen items like cutting boards and stoves as well.

Accent lighting is designed to show things off. If you have an expensive new refrigerator or another item in your kitchen such as rare dishware that you want people to notice, then this is the type of lighting to use for that. It doesn’t make the working areas of your kitchen more functional places, but its aesthetic value has made it popular with homeowners performing kitchen renovations nonetheless.

Lastly, there is decorative lighting. This type of kitchen lighting allows you to make the space truly your own. Whatever the design of the lights, it’s important to remember the old adage of “less is more” with decorative lighting. Overdoing it with decorative lighting can make for a gaudy and flashy appearance whereas a minimalist approach can bring an understated refinement to the room.…